The Main Types of Computer Hardware

Written by Henry Young. Posted in Hardware

There are many types of computer hardware devices. They represent physical parts of a computer that are not very often changed, therefore they function as read only memory. The computer hardware is represented by the group of elements that form a computer’s system. Furthermore, it refers to all the items that can be seen in a computer.

The difference between a hardware and a software is that the software is reflected by instructions and commands that are operated and captured by the hardware. So, unlike the hardware, the software is intangible. Furthermore, the physical part that performs within a computer is formed by many types of computer hardware devices.

Most of the people know that the element that makes everything work within a device integrates an internal and an external hardware. They are also referred to as the computer’s components and the peripherals, because that way they are easier to identify. Here are some different types of computer hardware that you can find in a computer:

1. The motherboard is the central circuit board, and it is also known as the system board, or as the main board. This electronic item interconnects all the devices that are attached to it because it features many sockets which allow the other boards to be plugged in. The incorporated circuitry connects other parts of the computer such as the Central Processing Unit, the Random Access Memory, the disk drives and all the external elements that can get attached through the expansion slots.

2. The Basic Input Output System prepares the software programs to load. It integrates a boot firmware and a power management microcode. However, as things have evolved, this system has been replaced with the Unified Extensible Firmware Interface that is used especially by the newer motherboards.

3. The hard drive disk is a data storage device used for maintaining digital information by using rapidly rotating disks which spin very fast in order to provide easy access to information. They are coated with magnetic material, which means that the data remains stored even after you turn off the computer.

4. The monitor incorporates the computer’s display, circuitry and an envelopment. Usually it is represented by a thin film transistor which includes a liquid crystal display. This thin panel represents an improved version of the cathode ray tube which used to be very large.

5. The keyboard is a device which represents a mix of buttons with different functions. It features characters engraved on the keys, and every time a key is pressed, a single symbol appears on the screen of the monitor.

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