The rare dog breed list is not as short as most people expect it to be. By geographic isolation and selective breeding practices, hundred of dog breeds have been created by men. While some became popular, others never came into vogue and their population numbers remained small. After their livelihoods phased out, only a few survived. You won’t find these dogs with unique features on the sidewalk and some aren’t even acknowledged by the American Kennel Club, because they are in such small numbers. Here are the 5 rarest dog breeds in the world:
Catahoula Leopard Dog
The Catahoula Leopard Dog is the first American dog breed developed in the North. Sometimes it is referred to as the Catahoula Leopard Hound, although it is a cur, not a true hound. Actually this breed is named after Catahoula Parish in the state of Louisiana and it is also the official state dog. Most Catahoulas have small splashes of color on their chest, legs and face. They come in colors such as brindle, red merle and blue merle.
Peruvian Inca Orchid
Next in rare dog breeds list is Peruvian Inca Orchid or the Peruvian Hairless Dog is a breed that has been around since before AD 750 and originates in Peruvian pre-Inca cultures. This smart and agile dog is often used for hunting and lure coursing. Its most important aspect is the hairlessness, the full-coated variety being disqualified from conformation showing. The Peruvian Inca can have a copper, chocolate brown, mottled or elephant grey skin color.
The Chinook is at the top of the rare dog breeds list. This rare dog derived from a crossbreeding of a famous sled dog named Chinook with huskies from the Peary North Pole expedition. After the breed founder, Perry Greene, died in 1963, the breed was almost extinct, with only 11 dogs remaining. Breeders in Ohio, California and Maine divided the stock and saved the Chinook from extinction. In 1991, there were approximately 800 registered animals.
The Otterhounds can be traced back to the 1100’s, when they were used in packs to hunt otter. This dog breed is very capable in the water because they have webbed feet and a double coat. After otter hunting was banned in England in the 70’s, these amazing hunters became pets. There are only 350 dogs in North America at the moment.
Besides the fact that the Tibetan Mastiff is at the top of the rare dog breeds list, it is also on of the most expensive dogs in the world. Recently, a Tibetan Mastiff pup was sold in China for $1.5 million dollars. The breed is a direct descendent from the ancient Mastiff dogs and it was usually found in their native Himalayans mountains. When they were first removed from the high mountains, numerous heaths issues resulted that have been eliminated by selective breeding. A Tibetan Mastiff male can weight more than 160 pounds.