The aerodynamics automobiles included in the sports car racing circuit feature two seats and enclosed wheels. Sports cars such as Porsche, Ferrari, Maserati and BMW provide a high speed due to the high technology that they incorporate, but also because of their aerodynamic shape.
The main advantage that a sports car can provide has to do with the fact that it features a minimum weight and a high maneuverability. Cars are designed to reach high speeds and to achieve spirited performance. Although these days they might look very luxurious and exuberant, there were times when they had a spartan look.
The first sports car racing appeared in the early 20th century and they were called touring cars, or roadsters. The rallies that they were involved in were the Herkomer Cup, Monte Carlo and Prinz Heinrich Fahrt. The 3 litre 1910 Prince Henry Vauxhall and the 27/80PS Austro-Daimler created by Ferdinand Porsche are considered the first sports cars that have ever existed.
The front engine and the rear wheel drive layout has survived as the main features that a sport car can have, so they are common to cars of any era. However, there have been made some significant modifications during time, such as technical improvements and futuristic designs. The drive train and the engine layout affect the handling properties of a vehicle, and they are essential for the design of a race car.
In order to find an optimum weight distribution, the manufacturers can turn to other types of layouts, because they can influence the car’s stability and performance. Porsche is one of the producers that continue to use the rear engine and to distribute the motor’s weight across the wheels to obtain a formidable traction.
Some sports car racing use the expression sports prototype to define a type of car that represents the next technological step from road-running cars. They are the peak of the racing cars’ design. The sports prototypes future enclosed wheels, closed or opened cockpits and other regulations regarding certain conditions that these cars require. The Engine style and size, the bodywork and tyres must meet all the needs that these vehicles have, so they can be customized.
The first examples of prototypes were the Dauer Porsche 962LM, Mercedes CLK-GTR, Porsche 911 GT1-98, and the Toyota GT-One. Therefore they are the ones that served as inspiration for the thousands of new models that appeared during the years.